The Senior Civil Service (SCS) plays a key role in setting and determining main policies of the Korean government. For this reason, senior civil servants are managed separately from general government officials.
To become a senior civil servant, candidates should receive education for a certain period of time and go through a strict evaluation test. It assesses leadership competency necessary for a high-ranking official. This leadership competency includes problem recognition ability, strategic thinking skill, performance-orientedness, change management skill, customer satisfaction, and coordination and integration skills.
About 30% of SCS positions are filled by open recruitment, which attracts civilians as well as public officials at agencies across government. Those senior officials who fall short of required performance or capabilities may be dismissed from their authority by the Appointment Screening Committee of the MPM.